Nigeria is a country with 100’s languages, which you can learn with the below given Free Printable Labeled Nigerian map and Nigeria blank Map. It is on Africa’s western coast with diverse geography having an arid to humid climate. You can learn and allocate natural resources, industries, and environments to every important geographical feature using the below-given maps. If you want the hard copy, download and print it out for your use. More can be seen in the printable world map.
Table of Contents
Nigeria Blank Map Outline
Printable Map Of Nigeria
Labelled Map Of Nigeria
Nigeria Map With States
States Of Nigeria Map
Cities In Nigeria
Climate of Nigeria
Nigerian Culture, Customs, And Traditions
Languages in Nigeria
Family Life in Nigeria
In the Nigeria Map outline, you will find that the Niger city is its border from the north, Chad and Cameroon from the east, the Gulf of Guinea from the south, and Benin from the west. It is one of the most populous countries in Africa and more significant than Texas in the area. There are about 100 languages, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Edo, and English, in Nigeria. The diversity in the culture is found mainly in Nigeria. Learn more below from the Nigeria blank map.
In 1976, Abuja became its national capital, and the former capital Lagos was still the country’s leading commercial and industrial city and largest port. October 1, 1960, is marked as the country’s independent day and in 1963 republican constitution but elected to be a commonwealth member. Check below the Nigeria map printable in PDF format. See more above from the Nigeria blank map.
The area of the country is 923,768 km² which is three times Italy. It has 177.5 million people and is the most populated country. Its main river is Niger and Benue River, and Chappal Waddi is the highest point with2,419 m in the Taraba State.
In the map of Nigeria provided here, Nigeria has three main regions based on the central region, the north, and the Nigerian Sudan. This division is not only based on the physical, climatic, and vegetation but also the social organization, religion, literacy, and agricultural practices of the people.
Nigeria has rainy to dry seasons, depending on the, as it follows a tropical climate. Southeast areas are hot and rainy, while the southwest is dry. Most of the northwest regions have a savanna climate. Seasons in the southern part of Nigeria are more consistent than the season of the northern part, with the high temperature in the daytime. See more below from the Nigeria blank map with states.
Nigeria is a West African country occupying an area of 923,769 sq. km. The country’s landscape features plains in the north and south. The central region has hills and plateaus. The Sokoto Plains and the Borno Plains are in the northwestern and northeastern corners of the country, respectively.
As shown on the printable map of Nigeria above, the country shares Lake Chad in the northeast with Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The Jos Plateau (marked on the map) is a distinct physical feature located almost at the country’s center and features massive lava surfaces and extinct volcanoes. The rest of the central plateau region has high plains, shallow river valleys, and inselbergs.
The location of the most mountainous area of the country is to the southeast. The position of Nigeria’s highest point has been marked. It is the 2,419 m high Chappal Waddi. Mangrove forests and swamps border the southern Atlantic coast. In the Nigeria map with states and cities pdf, you will learn that Lagos, the capital of Nigeria, is located on the Atlantic coast of the country.
The Niger and the Benue Rivers shown on the map are the major rivers of Nigeria. The Niger and Benue River valleys make up Nigeria’s most expansive region, merging into each other to form a distinctive ‘Y’ shape. The country’s rivers drain into primarily three drainage basins: Lake Chad, the Gulf of Guinea, and the Niger-Benue basin.
From the printable Nigeria map with states and cities pdf, you will learn that Nigeria has 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory. In alphabetical order, the states are as follows: Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nasarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara.
There is a further division of these states into 774 Local Government Areas. The Federal Capital Territory is in Abuja, the national capital city of Nigeria.
Nigeria is an emerging economy in Sub-Saharan Africa and the most populous country in Africa. The population of Nigeria was approximately 182.2 million people as of 2015. Nigeria’s cities have been increasingly growing due to economic progress and have become destinations for rural-to-urban migration. The population in Lagos city has primarily surged over the years, luring millions of people with economic opportunities and better infrastructure. Some of the biggest cities in Nigeria are:
- Lagos – 8,048,430: Lagos is one of the earth’s largest urban areas. The city was the capital of Nigeria between 1960 and 1975. The town is on four main islands, namely Lagos, Victoria, Iddo, and Ikoyi, connected by bridges. Lagos is a financial, commercial, and educational center in Nigeria. Industries that thrive in the city include textiles, automobile assembly, food and beverage processing, metal works, and pharmaceuticals.
Lagos is also an important seaport and fishing zone. Lagos has increasingly become the destination base for companies venturing into Africa due to the competitive business market in the continent. The population in Lagos is diverse in ethnicity due to local and global migration. The Yoruba are the largest ethnic group, alongside other groups such as the Igbo, Fulani, and Hausa. With its economic growth, economic disparities among the population have become a phenomenon in Lagos.
- Kano – 2,828,861: Kano boasts 2,828,861 residents, and it is in the North-Western region of Nigeria. The Hausa people mostly dominate the area, and around 98% of the total population is Muslim. The Hausa language is widely spoken globally, while the official business language is English. Kano has a bustling industrial sector with industries such as textiles, food processing, plastics, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, cement, soap, metal works, and furniture.
The city is also an agricultural center for products such as peanuts, wheat, cotton, millet, rice, and maize. Kano’s prominence has been widely challenged by insecurity from radical groups such as Boko Haram. The uncertainty has caused traders to leave the city and unemployment to rise.
- Ibadan – 2,559,853: Ibadan City boasts around 2,559,853 people and is the capital city of Nigeria’s Oyo State. It is in the South-Western Part of Nigeria. Ibadan was founded in the 18th Century by the Yoruba community, which is still predominant in the city. Industries in Ibadan include cigarette manufacture, food processing, furniture, metal works, handicrafts, and soap. Cacao and Cotton are the primary agricultural products produced in the city. Ibadan is also a major educational center and is home to Nigeria’s first university, named the University of Ibadan. Ibadan is linked to local and national destinations through road and air transport infrastructures. An increase in population in Ibadan has led to pressure exerted on its existing public utilities. This situation has caused a proliferation of slum dwellings, characterized by poor living conditions, sanitation, and an open drainage system, posing health hazards to Ibadan’s population. Traffic congestion in Ibadan is a daily occurrence due to increased vehicular traffic.
Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north.
In general, the length of the rainy season decreases from south to north. In the south, the rainy season lasts from March to November, whereas in the far north, it lasts only from mid-May to September. A significant interruption in the rains occurs during August in the south, resulting in a short dry season called the “August break.” Precipitation is heavier in the south, especially in the southeast, which receives more than 120 inches (3,000 mm) of rain a year, compared with about 70 inches (1,800 mm) in the southwest. Rainfall decreases progressively away from the coast; the far north receives no more than 20 inches (500 mm) a year.
Temperature and humidity remain relatively constant throughout the year in the south. The seasons vary considerably in the north; during the northern dry season, the daily temperature range becomes excellent. On the coast, the mean monthly maximum temperatures are steady throughout the year, remaining about 90 °F (32 °C) at Lagos and about 91 °F (33 °C) at Port Harcourt; the mean monthly minimum temperatures are approximately 72 °F (22 °C) for Lagos and 68 °F (20 °C) for Port Harcourt. In general, mean maximum temperatures are higher in the north, while mean minimum temperatures are lower. In the northeastern city of Maiduguri, for example, the mean monthly maximum temperature may exceed 100 °F (38 °C) during the hot months of April and May, while in the same season, frosts may occur at night. The humidity generally is high in the north, but it falls during the harmattan (the hot, dry northeast trade wind), which blows for more than three months in the north but rarely for more than two weeks along the coast.
Nigeria is a multiethnic country in Northern Africa. With nearly 200 million inhabitants, it is also one of the world’s largest countries by population. The country’s culture is diverse and differs from north to south. Below are some of the most notable things about Nigerian culture.
Nigeria’s culture comprises several ethnic groups that speak 527 different languages. The number of ethnic groups and dialects stands at more than 1,150. Some of the most prominent ethnic groups include the likes of Fulani, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, and Ijaw. Minority ethnic groups live throughout the nation, although higher concentrations of these groups live in the northern and the middle regions of Nigeria.
Nigerian traditions are vast and vary in the different cultures. For example, it is typical for Nigerians to have three weddings unless they are getting married to foreigners. The first wedding is traditional, the second one being in a court, while the third is in the church or the mosque. The rationale behind these weddings is that the union needs to be recognized by religion, law, and tradition. Other traditions include the mother-in-law helping the daughter-in-law after giving birth and younger men going for apprenticeships with older and wealthier men.
Nigerian food is mainly made up of meals high in carbohydrates, such as cassavas, rice, maize, yams, and plenty of vegetables. There are many ways that these meals are prepared. For example, the cassavas can be ground up, and the flour is used to make a delicious and inexpensive porridge. The yams can be mashed or fried in oil. Meat is another delicacy prepared into suya (a form of meat resembling barbecue meat) and wild meat (from giraffes and antelopes). Most foods are spicy, especially in the west and the south. Other forms of traditional food include fufu, eba, okra, egusi, and ogbono. Drinks include conventional brews like palm wine.
Nigeria itself is home to several textile industries that go towards clothing the Nigerian people. Fashion varies depending on ethnic groups, culture, and religion. In recent times, the styles have evolved to more contemporary designs. Traditionally, cultures such as the Yoruba used to wear gele (a cloth wrapped around the head by women), fabada (a robe for formal functions), and other forms of attire. Other cultures, such as the Igbo, used to wear clothes only for modesty in the past, unlike different cultures where clothing has always been a symbol of status.
Families are a crucial aspect of Nigerian society and are typically more prominent than in the west. The more significant number of families is because a higher number of children improves the social standing of a man. For this reason, newborns are regarded with joy and pride as they are the future. In some of Nigeria’s northern states, polygamy is legal, and men may marry several wives. However, none of the states in southern Nigeria allows this practice.