Turkey is famous worldwide for its development and other natural beauty, so this Map of Turkey and Cities will benefit you if you wish to increase your knowledge of the country. Read this article very carefully. And also look at the printable map of the world for more!
Table of Contents
Printable Labeled Map of Turkey with Cities
Map of Turkey with Istanbul City
Map of Turkey and Greece
Map of Turkey and Surrounding Countries
Regions in Turkey
Cities in Turkey
Map of Turkey and Syria
Outline Map of Turkey PDF
Political Map of Turkey
Turkey is famous all over the world map. The perfect destination for tourists come to wish to visit the country is Istanbul, due to its outstanding quality of high buildings and various other beautiful places and tourist attractions.
Istanbul is famous all over the world. Many tourists have come in a per day for turkey this city Istanbul, so you increased knowledge of these countries so watch this map and grow in your understanding.
Istanbul manages to merge its vast ancient past and hectic modern mega-city buzz, unlike many other cities. Istanbul is Turkey’s major metropolis. Straddling opposing shores of Europe and Asia, it is home to about 15 million people.
Expectedly, Istanbul is one of the world’s favorite city-break destinations. There are few other cities on Earth where you can witness this mind-boggling multitude of historical monuments from different eras. Just in its central old town, it holds more world-class tourist attractions than some entire countries can count.
You could spend weeks here and still find new things to see and exciting places to shop, but for first-time visitors, the historic center is where to concentrate your time. Here, you’ll find the city’s most famous grand Imperial building projects from the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires. The Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya), Topkapı Palace, and the Grand Bazaar are the big four.
Beyond these, there are Byzantine cisterns, more multi-domed and lavishly tiled mosques, Baroque palace architecture, and frescoed churches to discover. And history is only part of Istanbul’s charm. Don’t be lulled into thinking this city is just the sum of its grand past. Street life here has a buzzing, youthful vibe. The café and dining scene includes everything from reworked Ottoman palace dishes and regional specialties to modern Mediterranean and fusion flavors.
Greece and Turkey have a competitive relationship with a long history and complex issues. Turkey was formed in 1923 and is considered the legal successor of the Ottoman Empire. Greece was recognized as an independent state by the Ottoman Empire in 1830. Culturally, Greeks and Turks have had relations as early as the 6th century CE.
Greece and Turkey, since their formation, have used natural and imagined trauma to each other to justify their nationalism. Yet, Greek-Turkish feuding was not a significant factor in international relations from 1930 to 1955 and during the Cold War, domestic and bipolarity politics limited their competitiveness.
Control of the eastern Mediterranean and Aegean remains the basis of their rivalry. Post World War II, the UNCLOS treaty, decolonization of Cyprus and the addition of the Dodecanese to Greece’s territory have been what unpins their turbulent contemporary history and relations. Several issues are frequent in their current concerns, including territorial disputes over the sea and air, minority rights, and Turkey’s relationship with the European Union and its members, especially Cyprus. Control over energy pipelines is increasingly a focus in their relations.
Map of Turkey and surrounding countries shows all countries around Turkey. This Turkey map and bordering countries will allow you to know neighboring countries and the geographical location of Turkey in Asia. The Turkey map and surrounding lands are downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
Turkey is bordered by eight countries as mentioned in the map of Turkey and surrounding countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean Sea is to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west, and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits) demarcate the boundary between Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia.
The boundary with Greece, as you can see in the map of Turkey and surrounding countries, was confirmed by the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923, which resolved persistent limitations and territorial claims involving areas in Thrace and provided for a population exchange (see: War of Independence). Under the agreement, most members of the sizable Greek-speaking community of western Turkey resettled in Greece not willingly but by force. In contrast, the majority of the Turkish-speaking residents of Thrace who were not forced out during the Balkan wars were removed to Turkey. The Treaty of Lausanne confirmed the boundary with Bulgaria in 1923. Since 1991 the more than 500 km (311 mi) boundary with the former Soviet Union, which was defined in the 1921 Treaty of Moscow (1921) and Treaty of Kars, has formed Turkey’s borders with the independent countries of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia.
The boundary with Iran, as shown on the map of Turkey and surrounding countries, was confirmed by the Kasr-i Sirin treaty in 1638. The establishment of the border with Iraq was by the Treaty of Angora (Ankara) in 1926. Turkey’s two southern neighbors, Iraq and Syria, had been part of the Ottoman Empire up to 1918. According to the terms of the Treaty of Lausanne, Turkey ceded all its claims to these two countries, which had been organized as League of Nations mandates under the governing responsibility of Britain and France, respectively. Turkey and Britain agreed on the boundary in the Treaty of Angora (Ankara). Syria has not accepted Turkey’s border with Syria. As a result of the Treaty of Lausanne, there was the former Ottoman Sanjak (province) of Alexandretta (present-day Hatay Province) was ceded to France, which administered it on behalf of the League of Nations
There are seven major geographical regions in Turkey:
- The Marmara region in the northwestern part of the country is on both continents, Europe and Asia. It is the most densely populated region in the country. Turkey’s largest city Istanbul is located within the area. The Marmara region was home to the city of Troy.
- The Black Sea region is a long stretched mountainous region with a predominantly rural population. Major cities are Samsun, a Black Seaport, the port city of Zonguldak, and Trabzon, a leading port on the historical Silk Road was the capital of the Empire of Trebizond.
- The Aegean region shares much of the history of Ancient Greece, home to the city-states of Ephesus, Miletus, and Halicarnassus (today Bodrum). The Aegean region is also one of Turkey’s prominent tourism centers.
- The Mediterranean region is a mountainous strip of land along the Mediterranean Sea. The Taurus mountain range in the region separates the Mediterranean coastal area from the Anatolian Plateau. Alanya and Antalya are two popular resort towns on the eastern portion of the Turkish Riviera in the country’s Mediterranean region.
- Central Anatolia is the heartland of Turkey. The historical region is home to the country’s capital Ankara and other major cities like Konya and Kayseri. Also located in central Anatolia in Cappadocia, the ancient region between Lake Tuz and the Euphrates is famous for its “fairy chimneys”. The landscape where erosion shaped the soft volcanic rock into thousands of strangely shaped towers is now a hangout for hot-air balloons.
- Mountainous Southeast Anatolia is also known as Turkish Kurdistan. It borders Syria in the south and Iraq in the southeast. In ancient times Southeast Anatolia was part of the historical region of northwestern Mesopotamia, the site of the earliest urban civilizations. There are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Southeast Anatolia, Nemrut Dağ (Mount Nemrut); erected on its summit are several giant statues surrounding the mausoleum of Antiochus I (69–34 B.C.), who reigned over the Commagene kingdom. The archaeological site of Göbekli Tepe presents monumental T-shaped pillars. The world’s oldest stone structures were erected by an unknown civilization between 9,600 and 8,200 BCE, a time that predates Stonehenge by 6,000 years.
- The Eastern Anatolia Region is the easternmost part of Turkey; it was formerly part of Western Armenia. It is Turkey’s region with the lowest population density. The main economic activity is agriculture and animal husbandry. Main urban centers are Agri (Ağrı), a city with an agriculture industry; Van, a major city near the Turkish border with Iran, lies on the shores of Lake Van, the largest lake in Turkey and one of the world’s largest lakes with no outlet. Erzurum is a university town and a popular winter sports destination in Turkey.
Major Turkish cities with a population of more than one million people include:
- Izmir: Izmir is the largest city in the Aegean Region and is a seaport and a naval base on an inlet of the Aegean Sea.
- Bursa: Bursa is the capital of Bursa province, situated 30 km south of the southern coast of the Sea of Marmara along the foothills of Mount Uludag; it was the capital of the Ottoman Empire from 1326 to 1402.
- Adana: Adana is the largest city in the Mediterranean Region and the capital of the Adana province.
- Gaziantep: Gaziantep is a city with an ancient history, situated about 120 km (75 mi) north of Aleppo, Syria. The town is famous for its gastronomy.
- Konya: Konya is an industrial city in central Anatolia. Konya is famous for its Whirling Dervishes (Sufi). The town was the Seljuk capital (Sultanate of Rum) until the end of the 11th century and became later the capital of the Ottoman province of Karaman Eyalet.
- Antalya: Antalya is located on Anatolia’s southwest coast, known as the Turkish Riviera. Antalya province is the center of Turkey’s tourism industry and one of the Mediterranean’s leading tourism destinations.
- Kayseri: Kayseri is an industrialized city in Central Anatolia and the trailhead for the tourist attractions in Cappadocia.
Turkey shares its longest common border with Syria; various geographic and historical links also tie the two neighboring countries together. The traditionally tense relations between Turkey and Syria had been due to disputes, including the self annexation of the Hatay Province to Turkey in 1939, water disputes resulting from the Southeastern Anatolia Project, and Syria’s support for the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (abbreviated as PKK) and the now-dissolved Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia (abbreviated as ASALA) which has been recognized as a terrorist organization by NATO, the EU, and many other countries. Relations improved significantly after October 1998, when PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan was expelled by the Syrian authorities. However, the Syrian civil war has strained relations between the two countries, leading to the suspension of diplomatic contact. A serious incident occurred with the Syrian downing of a Turkish military training flight in June 2012, resulting in Turkey calling an emergency meeting of NATO.
Syria had maintained an embassy in Ankara and two consulates-general in Istanbul and Gaziantep. Turkey had an embassy in Damascus and a consulate–general in Aleppo. Due to the Syrian civil war, diplomatic relations between the countries were severed in March 2012. Turkey is a full member of the Union for the Mediterranean and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), while Syria’s membership was suspended due to the civil war.
This is an outline map of turkey available to download for free in PDF format. This map will help to increase your knowledge of Turkey and its geography. An outline map of Turkey will also allow you to exercise your geography skills by coloring or writing the names of cities that can be found in Turkey.
Political Map is beneficial for you. This map provided a structure for his turkey, such as this is a great country, so download this map free of cost and awareness of this country related. I hope you find this article helpful and that it has increased your knowledge of the country.